Ryan Chargo #9 OF Northwood

gp 17
avg .308
hr -
rbi 3
r 4
sb -
Recent Games
May 5 at Grand Valley St. W, 15-3
May 9 vs. Davenport L, 6-3
May 10 vs. Ashland W, 4-3
May 11 vs. Saginaw Valley L, 6-3
May 16 vs. Bellarmine L, 7-6
May 17 vs. Ashland L, 6-5
Statistics category Overall Conf
Games 17 116th 8 116th
Plate appearances 30 113th 14 109th
At Bats 26 112th 11 108th
Runs 4 106th 1 108th
Hits 8 102nd 2 109th
Doubles - - - -
Triples - - - -
Home Runs - - - -
Runs Batted In 3 111th 1 103rd
Total bases 8 112th 2 110th
Walks 2 123rd 1 106th
Hit by pitch 2 65th 2 26th
Strikeouts 9 97th 5 88th
Sacrifice Flies - - - -
Sacrifice Hits - - - -
Hit into double play 2 43rd 1 40th
Stolen Bases - - - -
Caught Stealing - - - -
Batting Average .308 - .182 -
On Base Percentage .400 - .357 -
Slugging Percentage .308 - .182 -
Appearances 0 127th 0 118th
Games started 0 70th 0 52nd
Wins 0 70th 0 50th
Losses 0 77th 0 59th
Saves 0 32nd 0 23rd
Complete Games - - - -
Shutouts - - - -
Innings Pitched 0.0 147th 0.0 140th
Hits - - - -
Runs - - - -
Earned Runs - - - -
Walks - - - -
Strikeouts - - - -
Strikeouts per Game .00 - .00 -
Doubles Allowed - - - -
Triples Allowed - - - -
Home Runs Allows - - - -
At Bats Against - - - -
Batting Average Against - - - -
Earned Run Average 0.00 - 0.00 -
Wild pitches - - - -
Hit Batters - - - -
Balks - - - -
Sacrifice Flies Allowed - - - -
Sacrifice Hits Allowed - - - -
Total Chances 8 155th 5 137th
Put Outs 7 121st 4 112th
Assists 0 208th 0 180th
Errors 1 96th 1 58th
Fielding Percentage .875 - .800 -
Double Plays - - - -
Stolen Bases Allowed - - - -
Runners Caught Stealing - - - -
Runners Caught Stealing Percentage - - - -
Passed Balls - - - -
Catcher's Interference - - - -
Date Opponent Score ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs
Feb 15 at Carson-Newman L, 11-8 1 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Feb 16 at Carson-Newman W, 9-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 16 at Carson-Newman L, 10-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 17 at Carson-Newman   - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 22 vs. Gannon L, 8-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 23 vs. Gannon W, 10-7 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 24 at Glenville State W, 13-3 1 0 1 - - - 1 - - - -
Feb 24 vs. Mercyhurst W, 10-9 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 1 vs. Ohio Dominican W, 11-5 0 1 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 2 vs. Ohio Dominican W, 7-5 1 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Mar 2 vs. Ohio Dominican W, 17-4 6 1 2 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 9 vs. Northern St. W, 8-6 2 0 1 - - - 1 - 1 - -
Mar 9 vs. Mary W, 4-0 1 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Mar 10 vs. Minn. Duluth W, 23-3 1 0 0 - - - 0 1 - - -
Mar 11 vs. Augustana (S.D.) L, 20-14 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 12 vs. Sioux Falls W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 14 at Eckerd L, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 vs. Auburn Montgomery W, 13-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 at Embry-Riddle (FL) W, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 22 at Purdue Northwest W, 4-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 23 at Purdue Northwest L, 8-7 3 0 1 - - - 0 1 1 - -
Mar 23 at Purdue Northwest L, 6-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 24 at Purdue Northwest W, 20-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 27 Rochester (Mich.) W, 18-5 2 1 2 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 29 Wayne St. (Mich.) L, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 29 Wayne St. (Mich.) L, 7-2 2 0 0 - - - 0 - 2 - -
Mar 31 Wayne St. (Mich.) W, 11-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 31 Wayne St. (Mich.) L, 14-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 5 at Parkside W, 19-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 6 at Parkside W, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 6 at Parkside L, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 7 at Parkside L, 7-6 1 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 12 Saginaw Valley W, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 12 Saginaw Valley W, 12-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 13 Saginaw Valley W, 10-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 13 Saginaw Valley W, 13-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 16 vs. Saginaw Valley W, 14-13 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 18 at Davenport L, 6-5 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 19 at Davenport W, 3-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 19 at Davenport W, 2-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 20 at Davenport W, 14-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 vs. Madonna L, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 26 Ashland W, 9-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 Ashland L, 8-4 2 0 1 - - - 1 - 1 - -
Apr 27 Ashland L, 12-9 1 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 28 Ashland W, 16-3 2 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
May 3 at Grand Valley St. W, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 at Grand Valley St. L, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 at Grand Valley St. W, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 5 at Grand Valley St. W, 15-3 0 1 0 - - - 0 - - - -
May 9 vs. Davenport L, 6-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 10 vs. Ashland W, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 11 vs. Saginaw Valley L, 6-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 16 vs. Bellarmine L, 7-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 17 vs. Ashland L, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Date Opponent Score hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Feb 15 at Carson-Newman L, 11-8 - - - 0 0 - - - - 1
Feb 16 at Carson-Newman W, 9-4 - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 16 at Carson-Newman L, 10-6 - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 17 at Carson-Newman   - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 22 vs. Gannon L, 8-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 23 vs. Gannon W, 10-7 - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 24 at Glenville State W, 13-3 - - - 1 0 - - - - 1
Feb 24 vs. Mercyhurst W, 10-9 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 1 vs. Ohio Dominican W, 11-5 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Mar 2 vs. Ohio Dominican W, 7-5 - - - 0 0 - - - - 1
Mar 2 vs. Ohio Dominican W, 17-4 - - - 2 0 - 3 1 3.00 6
Mar 9 vs. Northern St. W, 8-6 - - - 1 0 - - - - 2
Mar 9 vs. Mary W, 4-0 - - - 0 0 - - - - 1
Mar 10 vs. Minn. Duluth W, 23-3 - - - 0 0 1 1 - - 2
Mar 11 vs. Augustana (S.D.) L, 20-14 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 12 vs. Sioux Falls W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 14 at Eckerd L, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 vs. Auburn Montgomery W, 13-8 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 at Embry-Riddle (FL) W, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 22 at Purdue Northwest W, 4-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 23 at Purdue Northwest L, 8-7 - - - 1 0 - - 1 - 4
Mar 23 at Purdue Northwest L, 6-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 24 at Purdue Northwest W, 20-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 27 Rochester (Mich.) W, 18-5 - - - 2 0 - - - - 2
Mar 29 Wayne St. (Mich.) L, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 29 Wayne St. (Mich.) L, 7-2 1 - - 0 0 - - - - 3
Mar 31 Wayne St. (Mich.) W, 11-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 31 Wayne St. (Mich.) L, 14-6 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 5 at Parkside W, 19-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 6 at Parkside W, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 6 at Parkside L, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 7 at Parkside L, 7-6 - - - 0 0 - - 1 - 1
Apr 12 Saginaw Valley W, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 12 Saginaw Valley W, 12-8 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 13 Saginaw Valley W, 10-8 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 13 Saginaw Valley W, 13-4 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 16 vs. Saginaw Valley W, 14-13 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 18 at Davenport L, 6-5 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Apr 19 at Davenport W, 3-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 19 at Davenport W, 2-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 20 at Davenport W, 14-6 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 vs. Madonna L, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 26 Ashland W, 9-5 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 Ashland L, 8-4 - - - 1 0 - - - - 2
Apr 27 Ashland L, 12-9 - - - 0 0 1 1 - - 1
Apr 28 Ashland W, 16-3 - - - 0 0 - 1 - - 2
May 3 at Grand Valley St. W, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 at Grand Valley St. L, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 at Grand Valley St. W, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - -
May 5 at Grand Valley St. W, 15-3 1 - - 0 0 - - - - 1
May 9 vs. Davenport L, 6-3 - - - - - - - - - -
May 10 vs. Ashland W, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - -
May 11 vs. Saginaw Valley L, 6-3 - - - - - - - - - -
May 16 vs. Bellarmine L, 7-6 - - - - - - - - - -
May 17 vs. Ashland L, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - -
Date Opponent Score gs w l sv ip h r er era bb k hr
Feb 15 at Carson-Newman L, 11-8 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 16 at Carson-Newman W, 9-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 16 at Carson-Newman L, 10-6 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 17 at Carson-Newman   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 22 vs. Gannon L, 8-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 23 vs. Gannon W, 10-7 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 24 at Glenville State W, 13-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 24 vs. Mercyhurst W, 10-9 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 1 vs. Ohio Dominican W, 11-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 2 vs. Ohio Dominican W, 7-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 2 vs. Ohio Dominican W, 17-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 9 vs. Northern St. W, 8-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 9 vs. Mary W, 4-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 10 vs. Minn. Duluth W, 23-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 11 vs. Augustana (S.D.) L, 20-14 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 12 vs. Sioux Falls W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 14 at Eckerd L, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 vs. Auburn Montgomery W, 13-8 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 at Embry-Riddle (FL) W, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 22 at Purdue Northwest W, 4-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 23 at Purdue Northwest L, 8-7 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 23 at Purdue Northwest L, 6-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 24 at Purdue Northwest W, 20-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 27 Rochester (Mich.) W, 18-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 29 Wayne St. (Mich.) L, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 29 Wayne St. (Mich.) L, 7-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 31 Wayne St. (Mich.) W, 11-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 31 Wayne St. (Mich.) L, 14-6 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 5 at Parkside W, 19-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 6 at Parkside W, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 6 at Parkside L, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 7 at Parkside L, 7-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 12 Saginaw Valley W, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 12 Saginaw Valley W, 12-8 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 13 Saginaw Valley W, 10-8 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 13 Saginaw Valley W, 13-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 16 vs. Saginaw Valley W, 14-13 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 18 at Davenport L, 6-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 19 at Davenport W, 3-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 19 at Davenport W, 2-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 20 at Davenport W, 14-6 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 vs. Madonna L, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 26 Ashland W, 9-5 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 Ashland L, 8-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 27 Ashland L, 12-9 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 28 Ashland W, 16-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 3 at Grand Valley St. W, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 at Grand Valley St. L, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 at Grand Valley St. W, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 5 at Grand Valley St. W, 15-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 9 vs. Davenport L, 6-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 10 vs. Ashland W, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 11 vs. Saginaw Valley L, 6-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 16 vs. Bellarmine L, 7-6 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 17 vs. Ashland L, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Date Opponent Score tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Feb 15 at Carson-Newman L, 11-8 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Feb 16 at Carson-Newman W, 9-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 16 at Carson-Newman L, 10-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 17 at Carson-Newman   - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 22 vs. Gannon L, 8-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 23 vs. Gannon W, 10-7 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 24 at Glenville State W, 13-3 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Feb 24 vs. Mercyhurst W, 10-9 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 1 vs. Ohio Dominican W, 11-5 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 2 vs. Ohio Dominican W, 7-5 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 2 vs. Ohio Dominican W, 17-4 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 9 vs. Northern St. W, 8-6 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 9 vs. Mary W, 4-0 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 10 vs. Minn. Duluth W, 23-3 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 11 vs. Augustana (S.D.) L, 20-14 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 12 vs. Sioux Falls W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 14 at Eckerd L, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 vs. Auburn Montgomery W, 13-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 at Embry-Riddle (FL) W, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 22 at Purdue Northwest W, 4-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 23 at Purdue Northwest L, 8-7 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 23 at Purdue Northwest L, 6-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 24 at Purdue Northwest W, 20-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 27 Rochester (Mich.) W, 18-5 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 29 Wayne St. (Mich.) L, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 29 Wayne St. (Mich.) L, 7-2 3 3 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 31 Wayne St. (Mich.) W, 11-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 31 Wayne St. (Mich.) L, 14-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 5 at Parkside W, 19-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 6 at Parkside W, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 6 at Parkside L, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 7 at Parkside L, 7-6 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 12 Saginaw Valley W, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 12 Saginaw Valley W, 12-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 13 Saginaw Valley W, 10-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 13 Saginaw Valley W, 13-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 16 vs. Saginaw Valley W, 14-13 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 18 at Davenport L, 6-5 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 19 at Davenport W, 3-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 19 at Davenport W, 2-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 20 at Davenport W, 14-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 vs. Madonna L, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 26 Ashland W, 9-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 Ashland L, 8-4 1 0 0 1 .000 - - - - - -
Apr 27 Ashland L, 12-9 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 28 Ashland W, 16-3 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
May 3 at Grand Valley St. W, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 at Grand Valley St. L, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 at Grand Valley St. W, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 5 at Grand Valley St. W, 15-3 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
May 9 vs. Davenport L, 6-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 10 vs. Ashland W, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 11 vs. Saginaw Valley L, 6-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 16 vs. Bellarmine L, 7-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 17 vs. Ashland L, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
Total 17 26 4 8 - - - 3 2 9 - - .308 .400 .308
Conference 8 11 1 2 - - - 1 1 5 - - .182 .357 .182
Exhibition - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 
-
Home 5 9 1 3 - - - 1 - 4 - - .333 .400 .333
Away 6 6 1 2 - - - 1 1 2 - - .333 .500 .333
Neutral 6 11 2 3 - - - 1 1 3 - - .273 .333 .273
 
-
Wins 10 16 4 6 - - - 2 1 4 - - .375 .444 .375
Losses 7 10 0 2 - - - 1 1 5 - - .200 .333 .200
 
-
February 2 2 0 1 - - - 1 - 1 - - .500 .500 .500
March 9 18 3 6 - - - 1 2 6 - - .333 .429 .333
April 5 6 0 1 - - - 1 - 2 - - .167 .167 .167
May 1 0 1 0 - - - 0 - - - - - 1.000 -
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Total 17 2 - - 8 0 2 6 3 2.00 30
Conference 8 2 - - 2 0 1 2 2 1.00 14
Exhibition - - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
 
-
Home 5 1 - - 3 0 1 2 - - 10
Away 6 1 - - 2 0 - - 2 - 8
Neutral 6 - - - 3 0 1 4 1 4.00 12
 
-
Wins 10 1 - - 6 0 1 5 1 5.00 18
Losses 7 1 - - 2 0 1 1 2 0.50 12
 
-
February 2 - - - 1 0 - - - - 2
March 9 1 - - 6 0 1 4 2 2.00 21
April 5 - - - 1 0 1 2 1 2.00 6
May 1 1 - - 0 0 - - - - 1
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/9 hr era
Total 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Conference 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Exhibition - - - - - - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
 
-
Home 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Away 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Neutral 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
 
-
Wins 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Losses 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
 
-
February 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
March 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
April 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
May 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Total 17 8 7 0 1 .875 - - - - - -
Conference 8 5 4 0 1 .800 - - - - - -
Exhibition - 0 - - - - - - - - - -
 
-
Home 5 5 4 0 1 .800 - - - - - -
Away 6 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Neutral 6 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
 
-
Wins 10 3 3 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Losses 7 5 4 0 1 .800 - - - - - -
 
-
February 2 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
March 9 7 7 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
April 5 1 0 0 1 .000 - - - - - -
May 1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -